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Centre for Integrated Energy Research

Energy Storage

The UK has ambitious goals for greenhouse gas reduction over the period to 2050 that will require the rapid decarbonisation of its energy system. Until recently, little attention had been given to the role of energy storage in helping to achieve these goals. We are currently working to establish the Centre as a leader in the development of whole systems understanding of energy storage, bringing the Centre’s expertise in the integration of technological and social science perspectives to a rapidly emerging domain.

For further details please contact Professor Peter Taylor (

Consortium for Modelling and Analysis of Decentralised Energy Storage (C-MADEnS); CIER Lead - Professor Peter Taylor; Sponsor - RCUK Energy Programme.

Around 80% of the UK population lives in urban areas, with cities being responsible for about 70% of UK energy use. In the coming decades much of our urban infrastructure will need to be adapted and renewed to meet the increasing demands for energy services from city residents, while making the transition to a low-carbon economy. Various forms of decentralised electricity and heat storage could play an important role in low carbon city energy systems, through helping to match supply and demand over periods from seconds to days, maximising the utilisation of existing and new infrastructure, providing links between heat and electricity systems so allowing trade-offs between the two and ensuring secure energy supplies.

Around 80% of the UK population lives in urban areas, with cities being responsible for about 70% of UK energy use.

This project is using a variety of tools and methods, including technology validation, techno-economic modelling, innovation studies and public attitude surveys, to address specific barriers to the deployment of city-scale energy storage and demonstrate these methods and tools through case studies of energy storage deployment in the cities of Birmingham and Leeds. The novelty and adventure of our approach can be found both within the individual work packages and in the way that the findings are integrated together and applied in the case studies. So for example, our techno-economic modelling is considering specific (rather than generic) distributed energy storage technologies based on validated data from laboratory and field trials and not idealised data from the literature; our work on policy, regulatory and business models draws on the real-world experience of our project partners in making a business from operating distributed energy storage in current and likely future market conditions and our work on public attitudes is the first study of its kind in the UK to examine distributed energy storage.